Benjamin Netanyahu trial: Israel PM made 'illegitimate use' of power

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Benjamin Netanyahu in court in Jerusalem (5 April 2021)

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Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu made “illegitimate use” of his power and saw favours as “currency”, a prosecutor has alleged at his corruption trial.

Liat Ben Ari told a court in Jerusalem that he sought “improper benefits from owners of major media in Israel in order to advance his personal affairs”.

Mr Netanyahu has denied any wrongdoing.

The hearing comes as Israel’s president meets parliamentarians to ask whom they support to form the next government following last month’s election.

It failed to end the long period of political stalemate that has led to four elections in two years, leaving both Mr Netanyahu’s right-wing bloc and the parties opposed to him short of a majority.

Once President Reuven Rivlin has consulted all the parties, he will nominate whoever he thinks has the best chance of forming a governing coalition.

“I do not see a way in which a government can be established,” Mr Rivlin told members of the Yesh Atid party of opposition leader Yair Lapid. “The people of Israel should be very concerned that we may be dragged into a fifth election.”

Mr Netanyahu’s rivals fear that if he remains prime minister he will push through legislation that would grant him immunity from prosecution while in office. He rejects such a claim.

What is Benjamin Netanyahu accused of?

He has been indicted in three cases, known as 1,000, 2,000 and 4,000:

  • Case 1,000 – Fraud and breach of trust: he is accused of receiving gifts – mainly cigars and bottles of champagne – from powerful businessmen in exchange for favours
  • Case 2,000 – Fraud and breach of trust: Mr Netanyahu is accused of offering to help improve the circulation of Israeli newspaper Yediot Ahronot in exchange for positive coverage
  • Case 4,000 – Bribery, fraud and breach of trust: As PM and minister of communications at the time of the alleged offence, Mr Netanyahu is accused of promoting regulatory decisions favourable to the controlling shareholder in the Bezeq telecom giant, Shaul Elovitch, in exchange for positive coverage by Mr Elovitch’s Walla news site

Mr Netanyahu has denied all the charges against him, branding them a “witch-hunt” by his political opponents, and has vowed to clear his name.

What happened at Monday’s hearing?

Dozens of Netanyahu supporters and protesters demanding his removal from office gathered outside the Jerusalem District Court as the prime minister arrived for the start of the trial’s evidentiary stage.

Mr Netanyahu sat with his lawyers as Ms Ben Ari delivered the prosecution’s opening statement, describing what she called a “substantial and serious case involving government corruption”.

“The relationship between Netanyahu and the defendants became currency, something that could be traded,” she told the three-judge panel. “This currency could distort a public servant’s judgment.”

Protesters hold up a banner saying "crime minister" near the Jerusalem court ahead of the resumption of Benjamin Netanyahu's corruption trial (5 April 2021)

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Afterwards, Mr Netanyahu was allowed to leave the courtroom and the first witness, Ilan Yeshua, the former CEO of the Walla news site, took the stand.

Mr Yeshua’s testimony is seen as key to Case 4,000, which is considered the most serious against the prime minister because it involves the bribery charge.

He told the court that in late 2012 he began to receive requests from Walla owner Shaul Elovitch and others “to make negative articles about the prime minister and his wife disappear and post articles that benefit them”.

“How much can you lie?” Mr Elovitch’s wife, Iris, shouted as Mr Yeshua spoke.

Supporters of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu gather outside a court in Jerusalem where his corruption trial is taking place (5 April 2021)

image copyrightReuters

Mr and Mrs Elovitch have been charged with bribery and obstruction of justice in connection with Case 4,000. They have denied wrongdoing.

Mr Netanyahu has insisted he received nothing from Mr Elovitch and that Walla’s coverage of him was negative. He has said experts supported the regulatory decisions he made, which prosecutors allege were of substantial financial value to Mr Elovitch.

In February, when he appeared in court to formally plead not guilty to all the charges he faces, Mr Netanyahu insisted the cases against him were “not even completed fabrications”, adding that “lots of things are missing, even from the prosecution’s point of view”.

How can the PM serve and stand trial?

He is presumed innocent unless proven otherwise, and there is currently no legal barrier to him staying in office as prime minister.

And even if convicted, Mr Netanyahu would not be required to step down until the appeals process is exhausted – something that could take years.

A former prime minister, Ehud Olmert, stepped down as his party’s leader when he was under investigation for corruption in 2008 but technically remained in office until elections the following year – polls which brought Benjamin Netanyahu to power.

Mr Olmert was eventually convicted of bribery, fraud, obstruction of justice and breach of trust in connection with several cases. He served 16 months of a 27-month prison sentence.

Source Link: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-56606223

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