Leaders of the Islamist Ra’am party, seen as a potential kingmaker in the wake of the March 23 election, took no decision at a meeting Saturday in Nazareth on who, if anyone, they will recommend the president task with forming a government, and did not indicate whether the party will openly back any would-be prime minister’s effort to form a coalition.
Party leader Mansour Abbas, speaking to Channel 12, said only: “We are awaiting developments in the coming days” on the readiness of the political establishment to accept a meaningful role for Arabs.
Participants at the meeting included activists, local council leaders and members of the party’s consultative council.
Ra’am and the other parties elected to the Knesset will meet with President Reuven Rivlin on Monday and Tuesday to give their recommendations for prime minister. Rivlin is expected to announce on Wednesday which candidate will be given the mandate to attempt to form a government.
With the election results continuing the political deadlock of past elections over the last two years, it seems that neither the bloc that supports Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu nor the bloc that opposes him will be able to form a government without the support of Abbas, whose Islamist party won four seats and will be the smallest faction in parliament.
Though he has expressed a desire to work together with either Netanyahu or his rivals — whichever offered a better deal benefiting Arab Israelis — Ra’am has yet to endorse a candidate.
Ra’am could possibly put either Netanyahu or his opponents over the 61-seat mark, crowning the next premier. But right-wing politicians in both blocs have ruled out basing a coalition on the party’s support, due to what they say is an anti-Zionist stance; others have accused Ra’am of supporting terrorists.
The Religious Zionism party, which holds six seats, has declared that it will prevent any effort to build a majority that relies in any way on Ra’am, a stance that severely dents Netanyahu’s prospects if it is maintained. Itamar Ben Gvir, of Religious Zionism’s Otzma Yehudit faction, charged on Saturday night that Abbas “supports Hamas” and empathizes “with the murderers of babies and Jewish children.”
On Thursday Abbas gave a primetime speech in which he called for Arab-Jewish cooperation in Israel and urged Jewish parties not to boycott his conservative Islamist party.
Abbas said Saturday that the main aim of his speech was “to tackle the practice by which Arabs are excluded from the political process… Our demand is for active political involvement.”
“Naturally, there was some criticism of my speech [from within Ra’am]… legitimate criticism,” he added, acknowledging differences with some in the party who argued the address was too conciliatory and insufficiently pro-Palestinian. “No speech is perfect.”
Even if he does gain Ra’am’s support, Netanyahu also needs the backing of the similarly unaligned Orthodox-nationalist Yamina party, which is also unlikely to agree to partner with Ra’am.
Netanyahu has 52 lawmakers behind him, nine short of the 61 needed for a majority. Bennett’s 7-seat Yamina could lift him to 59.
Bennett met with Netanyahu Friday to hold negotiations on possibly forming a coalition government, in their first sit-down since last week’s inconclusive elections.
Bennett will meet Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid on Saturday night, for the same purpose, Yamina said in a statement Thursday.
Following the elections, Bennett has been demanding that he become prime minister in a power-sharing deal with either Lapid or Netanyahu, despite his party only having seven Knesset seats. Netanyahu’s Likud won the most seats in the elections, 30, while Yesh Atid is the second-largest party with 17.
Lapid met Thursday with leaders of the Joint List party, an alliance of predominantly Arab member parties. The Joint List leaders did not commit to giving him their support and reiterated that they will not consider recommending Lapid unless he receives 55 other MKs’ recommendations.
Hebrew media reported Thursday that while Bennett has not yet decided whom he will recommend to Rivlin, he has all but ruled out Lapid and likely will submit his own name, rather than back Netanyahu either.
Sa’ar, leader of the New Hope party which is also seeking to replace Netanyahu, is reportedly working to broker an alternate coalition that would see Bennett rotate the premiership with Lapid. However, the idea is said to be hampered by disputes over who should actually be tasked with forming the coalition, with both sides skeptical of the other’s commitment to follow through on the power-sharing agreement.
Before the election, both Sa’ar and Bennett said they want to see Netanyahu removed from power, but also vowed not to let Lapid be prime minister.
Lapid has already met with Abbas seeking his support to become prime minister.
During Abbas’s speech, which was carried live by all of Israel’s major television networks, he did not endorse either Netanyahu or Lapid as the next premier, following last week’s inconclusive election. He also declined to associate his party with either political bloc.
Ra’am previously ran for the Knesset as part of the Joint List but broke off ahead of last week’s vote for an independent run, amid disagreements over Abbas’s political willingness to back Netanyahu.